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Many tests geared towards transgender people lack scientific evidence for their validity. In spite of this, they're still regularly used and in demand. A large part of this is that with no alternatives, even potentially faulty tests are tempting to use.
One test that is favored in the field of medicine is the Real-Life Experience test, which is a requirement for sex reassignment surgery in the United Kingdom. Some other countries no longer require it at all, while in the United States, the requirement may differ state by state or even physician by physician.
The Combined Gender Identity And Transsexuality Inventory (COGIATI Test)
Commonly called the COGIATI, this test is one that is meant to help identify a male-to-female individual. The scores are ranked in five categories, ranging from "standard male" to "transsexual." While some questions are geared specifically toward gender identity and dysphoria, others are based on stereotypically gendered behavior such as attitudes towards math and hugging or the ability to read faces. Gender differences such as these are most likely the result of cultural conditioning and so are unlikely to aid someone in determining whether or not she is truly transsexual. Female identified people who are disinterested in socializing and enjoy math are no less women.
The COGIATI is based on an older test, called the Moir-Jessel Brain Sex Test. That test had been designed to identify where on a "brain sex" continuum participants fell. However, the test has never been validated using male and female sample groups to determine how closely they fall into the categories it aims to identify. There is currently no scientific evidence to support the use of either the Moir-Jessel Brain Sex Test or the derivative COGIATI.
The Bem Sex Role Inventory
Also called the BSRI, this test also relies on culturally created gender stereotypes. The test is largely dependent on how deeply a person has absorbed cultural definitions of gender, which will not necessarily reflect identity or the presence of gender dysphoria. This is also an older test, based on research that began in the early 1970s, and so may not even apply to current attitudes towards gender.
Additionally, self-reporting on behavior and attitudes is very likely to be swayed by what the test taker is hoping the results will be. Someone who does not want to be told they're transsexual may alter their answers subconsciously, while someone seeking validation may exaggerate certain gendered behaviors.
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